In antiquity the temples were the seat of the s scientific knowledge and the priests were the savants.
This was so because when civilization began the gods who were worshiped were no others that the Anunnaki/Nephilim whom were the source of knowledge alias science on Earth.
The merging of state and religion and science was nowhere more complete that in Babylon. There the original Sumerian epic if creation was translated and revised is that Marduk the Babylonian national God was assigned a celestial counterpart by naming Nibiru, “Marduk” in the Babylonian version of the creation story.
The Babylonians usurped for Marduk the attributes of the supreme God of heaven and earth.
Thus, version the most intact one is known as “Enuma Elish” meaning “When in the heights” It was the most hallowed religious political scientific document if the land it was read as a central part of the new year celebration and played re-enacted the tale in passion plays to bring its import home to the masses.
The clay tablets on which they were written were prize possession of temples and royal libraries on antiquity.
The decipherable of the writing on the clay tablets discovered in the ruins of ancient Mesopotamia more that a century ago led to the realization that texts existed that related to biblical creation tale Millennia before the Old testament was compiled.
Especially important were texts found in the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal in Nineveh. They recorded a tale of creation that matches in some parts words for words the tale of genesis.
George Smith of the British museum pieced together the broken tablets that held the creation text and published in 1876 “The Chaldean Genesis” tale written in old Babylonian dialect that preceded the biblical text by at least thousand years.
Excavations between 1902 -1914 uncovered tablets with the Assyrian version of creation epic in which the name of Ashur the Assyrian National God was substituted for that of the Babylonian Marduk.
Subsequent discoveries established not only the extent of copying and translation in antiquity of this epic text but also the unmistakable Sumerian origin.
Research Material for the book “Forgotten Knowledge” by Liliana Usvat