“The social function of the Shaman was oracle, healer and spiritual guide all in one. Their job it was to maintain a connection with the spirit world.

The modern concept of a shaman is based on early stereotypes and Victorian values. Shaman were able to communicate through the Earth-spirit. They were often associated to an animal, or familiar.

The word shaman originated among the Siberian Tungus (Evenks) and literally means ‘he (or she) who knows’. The concept of a shaman was almost lost in the 20th century, but it is making a slow revival in ‘new-age’ cultures. It is often spoke of as one of the first ‘religions’ practiced by people.

Generally, the shaman enters the spirit world by effecting a transition of consciousness, entering into an dream state, ecstatic trance, either auto-hypnotically or through the use of intoxicants. The methods employed were diverse, and are often used together. Some of the methods for effecting such trances are as follows: Fasting, drumming, dancing, and psychedelic drugs.”

– The Shamanistic Belief System –

“Even though there have been many forms of shamanism throughout the world, Eliade (1972) identified some shared beliefs that are common to all of them:

– Spirits exist and strongly influence individual lives as well human society at large
– Spirits can be benevolent or malevolent
– While in trance, the shaman’s spirit can leave his body to enter the supernatural world
– Within spirit world, the shaman can interact and communicate with the spirits therein
– Answers to earthly problems can be found in spirit world
– The shaman can treat sickness caused by malevolent spirits
– The shaman can perform acts of divination
– The shaman can evoke animal images as spirit guides and message-bearers

All of these basic beliefs paint a picture that is radically different from the worldview of Western science. In the view of shamanistic cultures the physical world is much more complex than we think. According to the shamans, there is an other world interpenetrating physical existence that is inhabited by intelligent spirits. Even though these spirits are normally intangible as well as invisible to us, the shamans say that all humans constantly interact with them; be it actively or passively.”

It is believed that a large percentage of prehistoric rock art is of shamanic origin.

Ingo Swann


Ingo Swann was a clairvoyant capable of experiencing and/or perceiving the universe by jumping beyond the illusion of time and space.

Here are few quotes:

Turn away from fear, a totally silly emotion, and embrace love.

“Free up the mind from all the nonsense  that keeps us back from accomplishing greater things than we have done.”

“The greatest evil in the world is a closed mind.”

Consciousness is not the same thing as the human body.  He proved that the two could easily separate.

Ingo’s belief was that evil is a shadow and does not really exist.  Good is also a function of Maya, the illusion that we call our reality.  love is the only eternal reality.

It is the light and darkness, the Yin and Yang, but where darkness is merely the absence of light.

Both good and evil are aspects of Maya. As long as Maya exists, they exist. Within Maya they are real enough.

Maya is no longer an endlessly revolving wheel of pain and pleasure, but a ladder which can be climbed to consciousness of the Reality. From this standpoint, fortune and misfortune are both “mercies”-that is to say, opportunities.

“If all there is is now, then the rest is illusion, much as the ancient Hindus held. It is Maya.” Ingo Swann.

A great symphony does not come from a brain cell.” Similarly, he said, “the human is not created in God’s likeness, it is part of God.”

The body is a mechanism beyond the mind it hosts, as the mind it hosts is only a minute fragment of what is there.

All humans are equal on all aspects. Everyone is infinitely psychic.

“The body”, Ingo would say, “Is a construction, or form, created from energy. All form is naught but energy. There is energy and then there is consciousness that uses energy to create all form, including the body. It creates entire realities.

Atoms are energy. On close examination, we see energy, not mass. All matter is made of atomic structure right down to quarks, the smallest particles of the atom. When nuclear physicists refer to “mass”, they are not referring to anything solid.

The word “solid” is one of those made up labels no one understands because even when it is explained as a negative or positive charge this does not cause it to be understood.”

Ingo was convinced that humans are in constant communication with a fantastic source of all that is. Some call it The Akashic Record. He did not believe that Handel’s Messiah or any other great music came from brain tissue.

Although in summary, Ingo felt that “we” create our own realities, much as was held by Seth, the discarnate personality channeled by Jane Roberts in her list of channeled books. Where he differed and held firm was in his belief that we cannot know who or what “we” are. Beyond that, the “We” is ever changing. It is also perceived differently depending upon who is observing.

Late 1980 scientists were rediscovering an old fact, that anything stared at by a human being, especially with strong concentration, will change at that moment on some level beyond the perception of the unaided human eye.

Creativity and the Energy of Dreams

Every man has within himself creative dreams. The question is in which direction are they aimed? And how powerful is the energy thought including its energy.

When a thought is created with meticulous approach to the last detail the though will be materialized in a future reality.

The feature that distinguished man from all other creatures is his capacity to think.

Bit thought is found in animals and plants . Man distinguished himself from all others by the speed of his thinking.

It is difficult to talk with someone whose though operates at a slower speed.

Even a small child should not be distracted from what he is doing or the operations of his thoughts should not be stopped.

Education should start with the correct questions to the child.

When a child is presented with a question his thought begins to search for the answer and gain more and more momentum. The speed of his thinking increases minute by minute.

When children go to school they are persuaded that they should not think for themselves. That everything is already decided for them. The teacher not only explains but he demands that the children think the same way as somebody else has thought; Or children are prohibited to think independently.

Nibiru Winged Disk symbol

At the end of 19 that century astronomical tablets from Mesopotamia were deciphered by the savant Franz Kure and Ernst Weidner.

A planet named Nibiru came up in countless of texts starting with the Epic of creation.

We are told by the ancient texts if we stop treating them as myth or phantasy and consider them to be factual recollection  and records of actual events about a city Eric in Mesopotamia  to be “Home away from home” there had to be a home from which Enki come.

For his crew of fifty to be called “Those who from Heaven to Earth came” ( = Anunnaki) they have come from a place an actual place in the heaven.

There had to be a place where intelligent  beings capable of space travel some 450,000 years ago could live.

We call it planet X or planet of the Anunnaki ; in ancient Mesopotamia  was named Nibiru. The ubiquitous symbol throughout the ancient world was the Winged Disk.

It’s orbit was traced and observed and countless of texts starting with the Epic of Creation refer to it by name repeatedly.

Nibiru is the name of one more planet in our solar system.


At the southernmost part of Sumer WHERE the Tigre and Ephrata Rivers come together in marshlands bordering  Persian Gulf a site locally called Abu Shahar in had attracted  the attention  of the British  Museum  as early as 1854. One of its experts J. E. Taylor reported after preliminary digging that the effort was unproductive of any very important results.

He did bring back some unimportant finds some mud bricks with writing on them. Fifty years later two French Assyriologists determined from those bricks that the site was ancient Eridu its name meant “House in the faraway built”. And it was the Sumer first city.

After world War two the I raking rectorate of Antiquities dug away occupation stratum from the latest top to the earliest bottom and uncovered 17 levels above the first one.

The city original temple (4000 B.C.) was dedicated to Sumerian god EA whose name meant “He whose Home is Water. It was his autobiography and many other texts who had waded


Black knots


  • Knobby swollen black growths called galls grow parallel along the length of stems and branches.
  • In early summer, young galls or new areas of growth on the edges of older galls are covered with velvety olive green spores.
  • These galls mature by the end of the summer; turning black and hard.
  • Black knots are most noticeable during winter because all the leaves are gone and the black knots stand out against the blue sky or white snow.
  • Infected branches may distort and bend due to the one-sided growth happening within the gall.
  • When galls completely girdle a branch, leaves on infected branches do not emerge or wilt and die in early summer.
  • A few galls to hundreds of galls can be within the canopy.
  • Large rough black galls that are often cracked can occur on the main trunk of the tree and may ooze sticky liquid.


dead leaves, very brown tree

M. Grabowski, UMN Extension

Dead leaves and wilting caused by a black knot gall that has girdled the branch

The fungus overwinters in the galls. During wet periods in the spring, spores are expelled and windblown to infect young green shoots or wounded branches.

Once spores germinate, the fungus grows between the plant cells with no outward signs visible on the plant for several months. During this time the parasite starts growing within the tree and releases chemicals that cause the plant to initiate excessive cell growth and enlargement that results in swollen black galls. Galls are made up of both plant and fungal tissue.

It is not uncommon for the gall to completely encircle and girdle a branch. When this happens the leaves beyond the gall wilt and die. In some cases, the branch and the gall die after spores are released in early spring. If the branch lives, the knot becomes perennial and continues to enlarge, producing new spores every spring. Although the black knot fungus will not cause trunk decay itself, the cracks formed by a trunk infection can provide an entry point for other wood rotting fungi.


black, jagged growth on a tree trunk

M. Grabowski, UMN Extension

Large black knot gall on the main trunk of a Prunus tree.

Site and tree selection

  • In areas where there are many wild Prunus sp. infected with black knot, avoid planting landscape and edible Prunus sp.
  • If only a few infected wild Prunus sp. are present, prune out existing galls or completely remove infected plants to reduce the amount of fungal spores present before planting landscape and edible Prunus sp.
  • Choose Prunus spp. that have some tolerance to black knot (Table 1).
  • Thoroughly inspect ornamental as well as edible trees and shrubs to ensure they are disease free before purchasing them from the garden center.

Pruning out galls

The black knot fungus does not systemically infect the tree, but rather only infects the branch at and around the galls. Black knot galls can be removed from infected trees through pruning. This will improve the look of ornamental plants and reduce the amount of fungal spores produced within the tree canopy each spring. Unfortunately, black knot is a common disease of wild and landscape Prunus species in Minnesota. Even with diligent pruning, spores can be blown from infected plants far away and result in new infections. In addition, galls remain very small until a full year after infection. Therefore it may take 2 years of pruning to completely remove all existing infections as young galls are often overlooked.

  • Because black knot is common throughout Minnesota, galls in landscape trees can be tolerated if the disease does not result in wilt and death of leaves and branches.
  • In late winter remove all branches with swellings, cracks in the bark or black knots.
  • Remove at least 4 inches of healthy wood beyond the black knot.
  • Bury, burn or dispose of all branches from a site as spores can still be produced on pruned branches and spread to new areas.
  • Cracked and oozing galls on trunks or large branches should be inspected by a certified arborist to determine the structural stability of the tree. Black knot itself will not rot wood but secondary fungi can enter through cracks and result in wood rot and structural instability.


Fungicides can be used to protect young or highly susceptible Prunus trees from infection. Sprays must be applied in early spring to protect young green shoots. Begin fungicide treatment when flower buds are just beginning to open. Repeat sprays according to label instructions (typically every 7-10 days) until shoots mature or weather is consistently warm and dry. Sprays are most effective when applied before a rain event when temperatures are warmer than 60°F. In order to greatly improve the efficacy of the fungicide application it is important to prune out any existing galls in late winter before applying fungicides in spring.

Before application make sure to read the label carefully! The plant to be treated MUST BE listed on the label or the fungicide cannot be used on that plant. Not all fungicides registered for use ornamental Prunus spp. can be used on edible Prunus spp. For large trees, high-pressure spraying equipment is needed in order to get complete coverage; therefore hire a professional arborist who can safely operate all necessary equipment.

Chemical treatments effective against black knot include fungicides with one of the following active ingredients:

  • Captan
  • Chlorothalonil
  • Thiophanate- methyl
  • Lime sulfur